Oil and Gas

Top List Of Major Mineral Resources In Nigeria And Location 2023

Major mineral resources in Nigeria, the mining of minerals in Nigeria represents just 0.3% of its total national output, because of the impact of its huge oil assets.

The homegrown mining industry is immature, prompting Nigeria to bring in minerals that it could deliver locally, like salt or iron metal.

Rights to responsibility for assets are held by the Federal Administration of Nigeria, which awards titles to associations to investigate, mine, and sell mineral assets.

Coordinated mining started in 1903 when the Mineral Survey of the Northern Protectorates was made by the British pilgrim government.

After a year, the Mineral Survey of the Southern Protectorates was established. Major mineral resources in Nigeria By the 1940s, Nigeria was a significant maker of tin, columbite, and coal.

The revelation of oil in 1956 hurt the mineral extraction ventures, as the government and industry both started to zero in on this new asset. The Nigerian Civil War in the last part of the 1960s drove many exiled mining specialists to leave the country.

List of Major Mineral Resources in Nigeria


This mineral is a burnable dark or earthy dark sedimentary stone, shaped as rock layers called coal creases. Coal is for the most part carbon with variable measures of different components, essentially hydrogen, sulfur, oxygen, and nitrogen. Coal is shaped when dead plant matter rots into peat and is changed over into coal by the warmth and

pressing factor of profound internment for more than a long period of time. Huge stores of coal begin in previous wetlands called coal backwoods that covered a large part of the Earth’s tropical land regions during the late Carboniferous (Pennsylvanian) and Permian times. Be that as it may, numerous critical coal stores are more youthful than this and start from the Mesozoic and Cenozoic periods. 


Major mineral resources in Nigeria, here is the biggest oil maker in Africa. It holds the biggest petroleum gas reserves on the landmass and was the world’s fifth biggest exporter of melted flammable gas Although Nigeria is the main unrefined petroleum maker in Africa, creation is influenced by irregular stock disturbances. 


Black-top, otherwise called bitumen, is a tacky, dark, exceptionally gooey fluid or semi-strong type of oil. It could be found in normal stores or might be a refined item, and is classed as a pitch. In major mineral resources in Nigeria prior to the twentieth century, the term asphaltum was likewise utilized.

Bitumen was first found in 1900, with centered investigation starting in 1905. The assessed plausible stores of bitumen in Ondo State, Lagos State, Edo State, and Ogun State in the Southwest locale of Nigeria is 16 billion barrels, while that of tar sands and substantial oil is assessed at 42 billion barrels, nearly double the measure of existing stores of rough oil. 

Iron Minerals 

Iron is rocks and minerals from which metallic iron can be financially extricated. The minerals are typically wealthy in iron oxides and fluctuate in shading from dull dark, radiant yellow, or profound purple to corroded red.

The iron is generally found as magnetite. Nigeria has a few stores of iron metal, yet the most perfect stores are in and around Itakpe in Kogi State. 

Major mineral resources in Nigeria the National Iron Ore Mining Company was established in 1979 and given the mission to investigate, endeavor, interact, and supply iron mineral concentrate to the Ajaokuta Steel Company (ASCL) in Ajaokuta and Delta Steel Company (DCL) in Aladja.

Extra interest has come from a few steel moving factories. The organization and its mining tasks are situated in Kogi State. Fare of an overabundance of iron minerals past what is needed for homegrown necessities is right now being investigated. Also, the Nigerian government has put resources into unfamiliar iron metal activities in Guinea. 


The Nigeria Uranium Mining Company (NUMCO) was a parastatal association that controlled the investigation and mining of uranium in Nigeria and was a public/private organization with Total Compagnie Minière of France, which possessed 40% of the organization. Major mineral resources in Nigeria In 1989,

Total pulled out of the association, and in 1993 the public authority reassigned NUMCO’s duties to the Nigerian Geological Survey. The NUMCO Corporation was broken down in 1996.

The motorization of the coal organization was not effective, this was on the grounds that the tactical Government authorities didn’t utilize individuals with the right specialized range of abilities. 


Major mineral resources in Nigeria, gold is a substance component with the image Au and nuclear number 79, making it one of the greater nuclear number components that happen normally.

The Nigerian Mining Corporation (NMC) was formed in the mid-1980s to investigate gold. The absence of subsidizing and the draw of simpler benefits from oil creation prompted its disappointment. In an unadulterated structure, it’s anything but a brilliant, somewhat rosy yellow, thick, delicate, flexible, and pliable metal.

Gold stores are found in Northern Nigeria, most unmistakably close to Maru, Anka, Malele, Tsohon Birnin Gwari-Kwaga, Gurmana, Bin Yauri, Okolom-Dogondaji, and Iperindo in Osun state.

Gold creation started in 1913 and crested during the 1930s. During the Second World War, creation declined. Mines were deserted by provincial organizations, and creation won’t ever recuperate. 

Columbite, Wolframite, And Tantalite 

Columbite and tantalite are metals used to create the components niobium and tantalum. Columbite and tantalite are all in all known as coltan in Africa. Tantalum is a significant uncommon component utilized in gadget fabricating. Major mineral resources in Nigeria,

pegmatite stores of coltan are as often as possible additionally the wellspring of a few valuable and semi-valuable stones like beryl, greenish blue, and tourmaline.

Major mineral resources in Nigeria these pegmatites are found in Nassarawa State close to the Jos Plateau, just as in a few regions in southeast Nigeria. There is limited-scale mining of these minerals. Wolframite (tungsten) can be found in the North states. 


Gemstones mining has happened in different pieces of Plateau, Kaduna, and Bauchi states, including sapphire, ruby, sea blue, emerald, tourmaline, topaz, garnet, amethyst, zircon, and fluorspar.

Major mineral resource in Nigeria, the gemstone is a piece of mineral gem which, in cut and cleaned structure, is utilized to make gems or different embellishments.

Notwithstanding, certain stones and every so often natural material that are not minerals are additionally utilized for gems and are consequently regularly viewed as gemstones too.

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