List Of Vegetables And Fruits In Nigeria

Nigeria is a land with a plethora of fruits and vegetables. Although there are several types of vegetables and fruits in Nigeria to choose from, not all of them are widely consumed.

In this article here in Glass Suite, we’ll go over a complete list of Nigerian veggies and fruits, as well as their nutritional qualities.

So, if you’re looking for fresh and creative ways to supplement your diet with vitamins and minerals, then this article here in Glass Suite is for you. 

List Of Vegetables In Nigeria

African Spinach (Green)

African spinach is a dark green leafy vegetable grown in most African countries, especially in the West. African spinach is high in fiber, vitamins (niacin, vitamin A, folate, vitamin C, and B6), minerals (calcium, magnesium, and potassium), and other nutrients (niacin, vitamin A, folate, vitamin C, and B6), and other nutrients.

Lagos Spinach

“Lagos Spinach” is a particularly popular vegetable in the Lagos metropolitan area markets it is frequently available during the rainy season, and the leaf of this biennial herb has a slight diuretic effect and a moderately bitter flavor.

Malabar Spinach

This plant is native to Afro-Asia. It’s known as “Amunututu” in the local community, which literally translates to “a cool stomach appetizer.”

The leaves have high water content and are succulent. This vegetable is high in calcium and iron, as well as vitamins A, B, and C. It is also high in protein and soluble fiber.


The indigenous peoples of southern and southeastern Nigeria are huge fans of this vegetable. It is known as “Afang” by the Efik and Ibibio peoples, and “Okazi” by the Igbo people.

The leaves are obtained as forest products and the plant is not cultivated. Protein, carbs, and essential amino acids are abundant in Afang.

African Basil (Scent Leaf)

Due to its multiple medicinal benefits, scent leaf is a widely spread vegetable throughout the country also, it’s commonly used as a mosquito deterrent around residences.

Yoruban Bologi

Yoruban Bologi, also known as “Ebolo,” is a rare vegetable. It is only sold after the new yam arrives, which is late in the rainy season. The semi-succulent leaves and the entire young plant are mucilaginous and used as a potherb in soups and sauces.

Bitter Leaf

Bitter leaf has a variety of therapeutic characteristics and advantages for human health and well-being because bitter leaf possesses antibacterial and antifungal properties, it can be used as a home remedy for a number of ailments such as dysentery, diarrhea, and high blood pressure.


Waterleaf is a West African annual herbaceous plant found in most of Nigeria’s states, primarily in the south it’s known as Gbure in Yoruba, Mgbolodi in Igbo, and Mmo-Mmo Ikong in Ibibio-Efik.

Garden Egg Leaf

Garden Egg Leaf, like other vegetables, has a decent amount of critical nutrients such as vitamins and minerals, which are important for human wellness. The leaf is natural when it comes to helping blood pump properly in the body these vegetables are known for such activities.

Fluted Pumpkin Leaf

Nigeria and other West African countries grow greenish leafy vegetables such as fluted pumpkin leaves they are edible when boiled or prepared with other foods as they can also be eaten as a vegetable salad or juice. 

Wild Lettuce

The English term for this vegetable is dandelion greens the leaves of this edible plant are consumed fresh in salads or cooked in soups and sauces the mineral content of the leaves is determined to be relatively high (21.8 percent ).

List Of Fruits In Nigeria

The following is a comprehensive list of fruits that can be found in Nigeria.

Watermelon Fruit

Watermelon is a nutrient-dense fruit that benefits a person’s overall healthy lifestyle, the fruit also goes a long way for men in all ramifications as watermelon also contains a lot of water, therefore causing the body to stay hydrated at all times. 

Mango Fruit

Mango is a tasty tropical fruit that is both sweet and succulent many individuals consume it because of the multiple health benefits it provides, including the fact that it is thought to reduce the risk of certain infections. 

Avocado Fruit

Avocado pear has a long list of health benefits, the majority of which are supported by scientific data these benefits extend from the inside organs throughout the body to the skin.

Papaya Fruits (Pawpaw)

Papaya is a healthy source of minerals and vitamins that help the body function properly it is a popular fruit that is usually found in the tropics and is loved by everyone because of its flavor.


Guava is a vitamin-rich tropical fruit with a distinct flavor and a wide range of nutritional benefits that aid in body tissue regeneration and have other beneficial effects.

Pineapple Fruit

Pineapple is a tropical fruit that tastes fresh and delicious, contains bromeliad enzymes, which are present in clustered berries, and can break down protein it contains antioxidants, enzymes, and vital vitamins also low in calories. 


The banana is one of the healthiest tropical fruits available. Vitamins, fiber, potassium, and natural sugar like fructose and sucrose are all present as a result, eating bananas daily relieves the body from a lot of stress.

Cucumber Fruit

Cucumber is a popular Nigerian fruit that has a lot of minerals when eaten or absorbed through the skin to treat sunburn and other skin disorders, it is good for one’s health. 


The main source of vitamins, particularly vitamin C, is orange which is also high in dietary fiber and other nutrients that are beneficial to man’s health and well-being.

Cashew Fruit

Cashews are high in a variety of vitamins, minerals, and other critical components that improve human health and provide numerous health advantages also cashew fruits come in a variety of colors, from yellow to red.


Lemon is a citrus fruit that has various health advantages and is used for both culinary and non-culinary uses. It is ideal for the immune system and skin health.


Coconuts include a variety of nutrients that aid in the improvement and growth of one’s health not only that, but they have a very delectable flavor they have critical nutritional content based on evidence that has been demonstrated to be healthy.

Soursop Fruit

Soursop, also known as Graviola, is a tropical fruit that is high in a variety of chemicals it contains antioxidants and minerals that are good for human health, including calcium, phosphorus, and a little quantity of iron.

African Star Apple

African Star Apple is a tropical African fruit native to Nigeria that contains a variety of nutrients that are beneficial to one’s health likewise high blood pressure and other health issues are treated with the African Star Apple.


The black velvet tamarind, sometimes known as African velvet tamarind is a native fruit because it is a vitamin C supplement, it has no adverse reactions, and has been consumed by people of all ages.

Green Apple

Green apples are a nutrient-dense fruit that is abundant in vitamins and minerals, as well as other health advantages, making them a wonderful addition to one’s daily diet as apples are high in vitamins, minerals, and fiber. 

Tropical Almonds

In Nigeria and West Africa, tropical almonds are known as fruit they have minerals that are extremely beneficial to human health this is due to the fact that they act as cofactors in a variety of metabolic processes in the body.

Ackee Fruit

Ackee is a tasty fruit with yellow or red skin color they have no saturated fats or cholesterol in them but contain protein, carbohydrates, vitamins, and other vital components like potassium, magnesium, calcium, and others are all present in it.

Grapefruit Fruit

Grapefruit is high in vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and other nutrients including polyphenols the fiber has a number of health benefits for the body, including weight loss, heart health, and much more.

Tangerines Fruit

Mandarin oranges are tangerines, a citrus fruit. They have a pleasant flavor, are orange in color, and are high in nutritional content that have a good impact on cell DNA, bone health, and overall heart health.

Lime Fruit

Lime is a spherical citric juice with a tangy flavor that contains a certain amount of citric acid that is not as damaging to human health as many people believe. Lime is a yellowish-green or greenish-green color.

African Pear Or Bush Pears

The African pear, sometimes known as the bush pear, is a West African natural fruit found mostly in southeast Nigeria.

Ube is a well-known nickname for this pear. When eaten with roasted or boiling maize, it’s quite delicious. It becomes pink when fully ripe. 

Hog Plums

June plums, also known as Yellow Mombin or Monkey Mombin, are juicy fruit found in tropical nations that comes in a variety of colors.

Water Apples

The rose apple, also known as the water apple, is a tropical fruit with numerous health benefits it contains a large amount of water as well as other important elements that are beneficial to brain function.

Pitanga Berries

Pitanga Berries, generally known as cherry, is a tropical fruit that is known by a variety of names around the world, including Surinam cherry, French cherry, and others that stand out for its bright red/orange color and sweet-sour flavor. 

Celery Vegetable

Celery is a nutrient-dense vegetable with significant health benefits for humans and one of the most intriguing aspects of celery is its low-calorie content, which has been related to fat-burning and weight loss.


Tomatoes, which are always red and belong to the nightshade family of fruits and vegetables, are nutritionally edible fruits.

Tomatoes are rich in carbohydrates, protein, fats, vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients that provide a variety of health advantages.

Pepper Fruit

Pepper fruit is a pungent, peppery, and medicinal tropical fruit native to West Africa it is a type of berry found in most parts of Nigeria, and it goes by a variety of names in Nigerian dialects.

African Walnuts

African walnuts are a tropical fruit that is abundant in nutrients and has a variety of health benefits the nutritional value of walnuts is incredibly useful to the human body in numerous ways. They’re noted for being high in nutrients.

Date Fruits

The date nut fruit is high in dietary fiber, calories, sugar, and other nutrients these contents are beneficial to heart health, libido, and fertility, among other things.


Carrots have a pleasant flavor and are orange in color they are high in vitamins A, C, and K, as well as vital minerals like potassium, iron, copper, manganese, and a variety of other nutrients.

Garden Egg

Garden Egg is high in dietary fiber, as well as other minerals and vitamins such as vitamin B1, potassium, folate, manganese, magnesium, copper, Vitamin B6, niacin, and other essential nutrients are among them.


Asparagus is a healthy vegetable that comes in a variety of hues depending on the kind however, they are all high in nutrients such as vitamins, minerals, and other compounds that help to a healthy lifestyle.

Yellow Monkey Kola

Yellow monkey kola is the most common type of African indigenous wild fruit known as monkey cola, and it can be found in and around homes and villages.

They are typically found in the southern parts of Nigeria. It’s known as Ochiricha or Achicha in Igbo, Ndiyah in Ibibio, and Efik. 

Local Strawberry

Local strawberries, known as Olohun in Yoruba, are delicious tropical fruits, and commercial quantities are cultivated in Jos, Plateau State, but farming is prevalent throughout Nigeria. Minerals, vitamins, antioxidants, and other nutrients abound in them. 


According to our research here in Glass Suite, we discovered that a wide range of fruits and vegetables are grown in Nigeria’s agricultural sector.

The list we’ve supplied is far from complete. So if you know about any other popular fruits or veggies in Nigeria, Please do well to share your thoughts in the comments box below.

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